Ga-Vp 1887 via-fk-Dbka-QUh-lbka-Ga-tla-fla VK-jDf-lis-dPf Hfh-qov-div-QUh-Ekn-Dpg-xp-eK-jrab-Dbka-raygs aiJa-dmg-Wu: jEp-til-d LRxe. qcd-jwok-xid-lbka-dbNc-div-dka-VK-Foa-Hq-Dpg-wNa-tos-Ga-ck-tK-eka-tla-fla-jVia-VK-FI. jEp-til-d LRxe jVia-raygs-Ga-via-fk-rhk rtu rod-Woa-Dpg-xp-Eug-eNs-Dpg-eYf-Ga-lis-dPf. Bbks-Gf-dmg-Skx tkc-vmg-jWpn-xp-Soc-Soa-Dpg-jjDh-FPs.
In 1887, readers in London, England, met a fascinating man: Sherlock Holmes. They read about his adventures regularly in a London magazine. Within five or six years, Sherlock Holmes was one of the most famous people in England. And yet, he never existed.
jEp-til-d LRxe jVia-aid-euv-Ga-FPa-SK-ak-dka jEPgs-Cud-ehks-wyJa-xk-Lfn-aid-wNa-Ekc-eK-dil-f-jjta Eug-cbk: lk-jDp Wm-jjaa fln. tkc-jjdh-via-rk-VPf-eK-rak-Lfn-lk-He-ePgs-Dpg-tkc-jlpJa-cbk: “qK-tis-jjrbs-dka-jjdh-via-rk-fhcn-jrf-Qoa.” tkc-eis-jdf-dka-DYd-ePgs-DYd-Bbks-fhcn-Wckx-tK-lNf-lbla jjtK jria-VK-jfia-Dpg-Woa-luga-jvPgs-vmg-jria. Fkd-VK-jfia-Dpg-cbk-aiJa tkc-ek-xkf-Grh-wmJ-eK-rtYv-dbNc-div-ePgs-SbksA-Dpg-jdpf-wyJa-Ga-lK-fpf. jEp-til-d LRxe ek-xkf-jjdh-WK-fp-lkf-EK-nk-dI fhcn-dka-eis-tcx-wmJ-eK-rtYv-jwoJk-dia jjtK qov-jria-WI-Slv-VPf-eK-rak-Dpg-jRif-Grh-SI-rtcf-xuf-jjVf-fhka.
Sherlock Holmes was an imaginary detective, created by a Scottish writer named Arthur Conan Doyle. He solved mysteries by using what he called his “powers of deduction.” He looked carefully at everything, and saw details that other people didn’t see. Then, from those details, he could form conclusions about things that had happened in the past. By putting those conclusions together, Sherlock Holmes solved crimes and found the answers to mysteries that had puzzled the police.
jCPs-jjxba-cbk Wm-jjaa fln FK-jVia-QUh-wNa-jtugls-Dpg-jjDh-FPs jjSb-tkc-qif-DI-Dbk-cbk-jtugls-jrtogk-apJ Cud-wNa-Lfn-vYd-Woa-QUh-raygs-Ga-FPa-SK-ak-dka aiJa-dmg-Wu: fil-d-jSp Fla cif-eia. fil-d-jSp cif-eia lk-He-BUb-Rbcx-lk-Wka-rtis-fNc-dia-div LRxe jjtK xid-FK-Ebcn LRxe euv-eca-jtugls-WK-fp-lkf-EK-nk-dI-SbksA. rtis-Fkd-Dpg LRxe Hfh-lK-DP-vkn-jCPs-Sbls-Leh-wls-dka-Grh-jrf-Qoa-Ga-WK-fp, cif-eia-xid-FK-jcoJk-cbk: jvPgs-xia-Wu-EP-vmg-nkd-jdpa-HV, jjSb-jjthc vmg-xp-GQ-FK-xp-Wckx-ek-xkf-jDogk-DNx-div jEp-til-d LRxe-Hfh jjxba-dK-DiJs fil-d-jSp cif-eia-dmg-jEiga-dia.
Although Conan Doyle wrote the stories, he pretended they were written by another imaginary person: Dr. John Watson. Dr. Watson shared an apartment with Holmes, and often accompanied Holmes to investigate a crime. After Holmes explained his chain of reasoning in a case, Watson often said it seemed easy. But neither Dr. Watson nor anyone else could match the abilities of Sherlock Holmes.
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Conan Doyle wrote 56 stories and 4 novels about the adventures of Sherlock Holmes. They take place in London, England, late in the 19th century. London was one of the world’s great cities, but it was different from the cities of today. Cars had not been invented yet; people traveled on trains, or underground trains, or in horse-pulled carts. The people in Holmes’s London had no televisions, or radios, or telephones; they sent messages by mail, or by telegraph over a wire.
The Sherlock Holmes stories have been translated into many languages. Today, although there never was a real Sherlock Holmes, he is the most popular detective in the world.